Did you know that the retina is a light-sensing tissue in your eyes? The retina has millions of light-sensitive cells such as rods and cones. These cells help send images to your brain by passing through the optic nerve allowing you to see clearly. If your retina is unhealthy, it can be difficult to accomplish daily tasks such as driving, reading, or completing up-close work. There are a variety of retinal conditions and diseases that can impact any part of your retina.
Here are the most common retinal conditions that affect patients.
Retinal detachment happens when there is an excess amount of fluid that passes through a retinal tear. This will cause the retina to lift from the underlying tissue. There are risk factors that can increase your chances of retinal detachment, such as:
- Retinal detachment in the other eye
- Eye injury
- If you had a previous cataract surgery
- Severe nearsightedness
If retinal detachment is not treated in a timely manner it can cause permanent vision loss.
Retinitis Pigmentosa is an inherited disorder that can cause the breakdown and loss of rods and cones inside your eyes. The common symptoms consist of difficulty seeing at night, color blindness, and loss of peripheral vision. There are specialized tests that can detect if a patient has retinitis pigmentosa. Currently, there is no cure for this condition. Your optometrist can discuss options to slow your vision loss and the possibility of restoring some sight.
Macular degeneration is an age-related condition that affects patients over the age of 60. This retinal condition causes central vision loss once the macula inside your retina starts to deteriorate. The symptoms include the following:
- blurry central vision
- diminished of color perception
- difficulty seeing fine details
- blind spots
Macular degeneration can be treated with anti-angiogenesis drugs, laser therapy, and low vision aids.
Patients with diabetes are more susceptible to retinal conditions. Diabetic Retinopathy happens when your blood vessels leak fluid causing the retinal tissue to inflame. Once this happens your vision becomes distorted. Diabetic patients must watch for symptoms to detect any early stages of diabetic retinopathy. Symptoms may include the following:
- Eye floaters
- Blurred vision
- Empty spots in your central vision
- Double vision
- Impaired color vision
Going to your optometrist yearly for eye exams can prevent vision loss from this retinal disease.
Schedule your annual eye exam at one of our 12 International Eyecare Center locations to get ahead of any of these possible retinal conditions.