Nearsightedness and farsightedness are the two most common eye health conditions among people. Both are considered refractive errors of the eyes that have an impact on the ability to focus light on the retina. Even though these vision conditions are very different, they share identical symptoms consisting of: eye strain, headaches, eye fatigue, and squinting in order to see clearly. Both nearsightedness and farsightedness can be corrected with prescriptive eyeglasses or contact lenses. Your Optometrist can work with you at your annual eye exam to find the best prescription for your vision needs.
Nearsightedness is known as myopia in the Optometry world. Myopia is a vision condition in which people can see objects clearly up-close but objects at a distance become blurred. Myopia appears when your cornea is too curved for the length of your eyeballs. This causes the light entering the eye not to bend correctly which inhibits your ability to have a direct focus on the object you are trying to see clearly. Nearly 30% of the United States population has myopia. Given this fact, it is important to know and understand your family’s vision history as myopia can be hereditary.
The medical term for farsightedness is hyperopia. Hyperopia has the opposite effect of myopia. This eye health condition consists of being able to see objects at a distance, but up-close objects appear hazy. Hyperopia happens when the cornea has too little of a curve. This condition makes it difficult for your eyes to focus on the incoming light rays for clear vision. As people age, hyperopia generally worsens, so it is imperative to schedule your annual eye exams in a timely manner to monitor your vision.
Schedule your annual eye exam at one of our 12 International Eyecare Center locations to discover if you are nearsighted or farsighted.